Introduction
So you have been learning how to play the guitar for a while now. You need to practice regularly to understand the tempo, musicality, and also exercise your fingers to hit the right notes. You also need the inspiration to keep playing your chords. When you pick up your guitar, you realise that your notes sound out of tune. They need tuning and that can be frustrating. Imagine, you have your music notes set and your seating position with the guitar, but now you need to spend some time to tune it!

Why guitar chords sound out of tune

Why Guitar Chords Sound Out of Tune
For starters, the weather can affect the overall notes since the wood expands or contracts depending on how warm or cold the season is. The most basic requirement for tuning your guitar chords is to get a tuner. You even have mobile apps to tune your guitar. As you play each note, the tuner app gives off a sound to indicate that the tuning is correct. The entire process takes only a few minutes and then you are all set again to play. However, there are other aspects to consider if you are wondering why your guitar chords sound so out of tune!

Guitar tuner

Quality: The quality of the guitar makes a difference. Cheaper qualities, for example, may have issues with the guitar nut, which is positioned right at the top of the fretboard. This is a fairly common issue when a lower quality of guitars is manufactured. To ensure that no damage is done to the guitar while fixing the guitar nut, it is best to get it checked by a professional.

Guitar nut

The Guitar Nut: The seating of the nut on the fretboard is essential for the right sound. Since the strings pass over it, the nut seating should not be too narrow. Else, you will notice that the pitch can jump forward suddenly or all you may hear is just a muted sound. A simple solution is to oil or lubricate the nuts so that the strings can pass over smoothly. The nut slots should also be well-shaped, otherwise it will stress the string. Also, the height of the nut also matters. This can render sharp notes or stretch the strings!

Intonation: Intonation is another crucial area you need to pay attention to. Your guitar needs to be intonated correctly or you will hear the notes grating as you climb up higher, with the octaves going up to the twelfth fret. When intonated correctly, the guitar strings will be tuned relatively to its adjacent string. For example, if you play open note E on the sixth string, and then play, E on the 12th fret, you will find that both notes are in sync.

The capo of guitar

The capo: The issue is more common with jumbo frets. You need to check the type of capos used on your guitar. For example, the shubb variety has provisions to adjust the tension by moving the capo to the top of the fret rather than place it behind, which is the traditional method. A poorly positioned capo impact the strings and the overall tune by pulling it.